Search for Compositeness, Leptoquarks and Large Extra Dimensions in eq Contact Interactions at HERA
The data (see figure) show no significant deviation from the expectation
of the Standard Model (SM) and are hence used to place exclusion limits.
Deviations are conveniently expressed in so called contact interactions,
which apart from a (heavy) mass scale depend on the chiral structure, i.e.
the handedness of the eq-interaction. H1 was thus able to establish
stringent lower limits on the mass scale in the range between 2 and 5 TeV
for various chiral combinations of cross sections. Likewise the light quark
radius is seen to be smaller than 1.7*10-16 cm so that deviations
from the point like nature are severely restricted.
rather recent theoretical speculation allows for the exchange of virtual
gravitons coupling to quarks and gluons propagating in (4+n) dimensions.
If the number n of extra (compactified) dimensions is large (n>2) then
effects might be visible in the H1 data. The observation of such effects
could imply for gravity deviation from Newton's law in the sub-millimeter
range. The lower limit that could be derived from the H1 data was set at
a virtual graviton contribution of 0.48 TeV as can be seen from the figure
that shows the ratio of the measurement and the SM expectation as a function
of the momentum transfer Q2. The lines show the effect of putative
gravitons interfering positively or negatively with the standard neutral
Last Update Feb 15, 2000, E. Elsen